News from OCLC

Newsletter Issue: 
Vol 37 no. 4 December 2017

Compiled by Jay Weitz

General News

Szabo Appointed Chair, Gray-Little and Sidorko Take Seats on OCLC Board of Trustees

John F. Szabo, City Librarian of the Los Angeles Public Library, was formally appointed Chair, and Bernadette Gray-Little, Chancellor Emerita at the University of Kansas, and Peter Sidorko, University Librarian at The University of Hong Kong, took their seats on the OCLC Board of Trustees during the board’s November meeting. Gray-Little, who had previously served on the board from 2009–2014, was appointed to the board by the Board of Trustees. Sidorko was elected to the board by OCLC Global Council in March 2017. There are currently nine librarians from six countries serving on the 14-member OCLC Board of Trustees.

• John F. Szabo served as an OCLC Global Council Delegate before he was elected to the Board of Trustees by Global Council in April 2014. He replaces Sandy Yee, Dean (retired), Wayne State University Library System, as Board Chair. Yee served as Board Chair from 2012–2017. Yee will continue to serve as a member of the board.

• Bernadette Gray-Little is Chancellor Emerita, the University of Kansas, where she served from 2009–2017. While Chancellor, Gray-Little was named to the Board of Directors of the Association of American Universities (AAU) and to the board of the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), which she chaired. She served as a member of the National Science Foundation Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences. Prior to becoming KU's 17th Chancellor, Gray-Little held leadership positions at the University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, including Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost, Dean of Arts and Sciences, and Executive Associate Provost. She was a faculty member in the Department of Psychology. Gray-Little earned her B.A. from Marywood College and an M.S. and Ph.D. from Saint Louis University. She was a Fulbright Fellow, a Social Science Research Council Fellow, and received a Ford Foundation Senior Scholar Fellowship through the National Research Council.

• Peter Sidorko has enjoyed a career in academic libraries spanning over 30 years, and is currently the University Librarian at The University of Hong Kong (HKU). In this position he has full responsibility for leading and directing all aspects of the HKU Libraries network of six libraries. Sidorko is a past Chair of the Joint University Librarians Advisory Committee (JULAC), a forum to discuss, coordinate, and collaborate on library information resources and services among the libraries of the eight tertiary education institutions funded by the University Grants Committee in Hong Kong. He is also the Chair of the Board of Directors of the JULAC Joint Universities Research Archive, the company established to govern JURA, a collaborative print storage repository. Sidorko was President of the Hong Kong Library Association, serving from 2011– 2012. He is a member of the Board of Directors of CLOCKSS; a past Chair of the Asia Pacific Regional Council Executive Committee of OCLC (2013–2014); a delegate of the OCLC Global Council (2011–2015); Vice-President/President of the OCLC Global Council (2015–2017); a former Board member of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD); a member of the Elsevier Asia Pacific Library Advisory Board (ALAB) (2014– ); a member of the 81 | Page Wiley Publishing Asia Pacific Library Advisory Board, (May 2016– ); and a member of the Steering Committee of the Pacific Rim Research Libraries Alliance (PRRLA, 2011– ).

Two members completed their terms on the OCLC Board of Trustees: Berndt Dugall, Direktor a.D./Librarian at Universität Frankfurt’s Universitätsbibliothek Johann Senckenberg (Frankfurt am Main, Germany); and Loretta Parham, CEO and Director of the Atlanta University Center Woodruff Library, an independent academic library for the shared benefit of four HBCUs (historically black colleges and universities).

Cataloging and Metadata OCLC-MARC Update 2017

On September 9, 2017, OCLC installed changes related to the OCLC-MARC Update 2017. This update implements MARC 21 Bibliographic and Holdings format changes announced by the Library of Congress in MARC 21 Updates Number 23 (November 2016) and Number 24 (May 2017;), as well as all MARC codes announced by the Library of Congress between June 2016 and May 2017. Details of the 2017 Update are available in OCLC Technical Bulletin 267, including:

  • New code “n” in Bibliographic Leader/18 (Descriptive cataloging form; “Desc”) is defined for “Non-ISBD Punctuation Omitted.” • Bibliographic format Score 008/20 (Format of Music; “FMus”) has new code “p” for “Piano Score;” code “b” redescribed and renamed “Miniature or Study Score;” and codes “I” (Condensed score), “k” (Vocal score), “l” (Score), and “z” (Other) redescribed.
  • Bibliographic field 028 has been redefined and renamed “Publisher or Distributor Number,” has First Indicator renamed “Type of Number,” has First Indicator code “1” (Matrix Number) redescribed, has First Indicator “3” renamed to “Other Music Publisher Number,” has First Indicator code “4” renamed “Video Recording Publisher Number,” has a new First Indicator code “6” for “Distributor Number,” has subfield $a renamed “Publisher or Distributor Number,” and has subfield $b (Source) redescribed. There have been corresponding clarifications to Bibliographic field 037.
  • Bibliographic field 340 (Physical Medium) has new subfield $g defined for “Color Content.” • Bibliographic field 382 (Medium of Performance) has new subfield $3 defined for “Materials Specified.” • Bibliographic field 647 has been defined for “Subject Added Entry -- Named Event.”
  • Bibliographic field 885 has been defined for “Matching Information.”
  • New subfields $0 (Authority Record Control Number or Standard Number) have been defined for many existing Bibliographic fields.
  • Subfield $4 has been renamed “Relationship” consistently throughout the Bibliographic format. • Subfield $6 (Linkage) has been defined in over 230 Bibliographic fields where it has been defined by MARC 21 and in corresponding local OCLC fields.
  • Subfield $8 (Field Link and Sequence Number) has had the new Field Link Type “u” defined for “General Linking, Type Unspecified” in both Bibliographic and Holdings records.
  • New Holdings field 347 “Digital File Characteristics” is defined.

Additionally, OCLC has validated MARC codes announced in fourteen LC Technical Notices issued between June 2016 and May 2017. OCLC has also converted all existing Bibliographic fields 260 (Publication, Distribution, Etc. (Imprint)) subfield $d (Plate or Publisher's Number for Music (Pre-AACR2)) to field 028 and will make field 260 subfield $d obsolete. Although MARC 21 Authority Format changes from Updates No. 23 and No. 24 are documented in Technical Bulletin 267, the Authority record changes will be implemented not at this time but instead at a future date in coordination with the Library of Congress and the Name Authority Cooperative (NACO) of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC). LC, NACO, and OCLC will make announcements at that future date.

Resource Sharing

100 Libraries Now Using Tipasa Interlibrary Loan Management System

Just eight months after its introduction, 100 libraries are now using Tipasa™, the first cloud-based interlibrary loan management system that automates routine borrowing and lending functions for individual libraries. OCLC introduced Tipasa in January2017 as a new interlibrary loan management system built on the OCLC WorldShare technology platform that takes full advantage of the world's largest resource sharing network. Tipasa reimagines features and functionality of the Windows-based ILLiad service and moves them to the cloud. Because updates and enhancements happen automatically in the cloud-based system, Tipasa requires only limited IT resources. The simple staff interface is easy to use, making it easy to train staff, volunteers and student assistants. OCLC continues to develop Tipasa in phases. New features and functionality will be added over time, such as RapidILL integration coming later this year. ILLiad users will move to Tipasa as their functionality needs are met in the new system. ILLiad will be supported as Tipasa continues to expand; no end date has been set for ILLiad. Libraries considering a migration to Tipasa can review resources to learn more about the system, the libraries that are live and the members of the OCLC ILL advisory group. There is also a Community Center space for ILLiad libraries interested in moving to Tipasa. Current Tipasa users can access the OCLC Community Center to connect online, share best practices, stay up to date on new product releases, and contribute ideas to improve OCLC services. From the Community Center, users can also access Tipasa's Support and Training website, which includes a comprehensive collection of training and documentation resources. Tipasa complements a growing list of OCLC resource sharing solutions. OCLC's WorldShare Interlibrary Loan (ILL) provides core interlibrary loan services to thousands of libraries around the world. OCLC also acquired Relais International, the leader in consortial borrowing, in January. Together, these systems and services deliver a comprehensive set of resource sharing solutions for libraries around the world.

Digital Collections Services

OCLC, Internet Archive Collaborate to Expand Access to Digital Collections:

OCLC and Internet Archive are working together to make the Archive's collection of 2.5 million digitized books easier to find and access online and through local libraries. OCLC will process metadata from the Internet Archive for its digital collection, matching to existing records in WorldCat, the world's most comprehensive database of information about library collections, or adding a new record if one does not exist. The WorldCat record will include a link leading back to the record. From there, searchers can examine or potentially borrow the related digital item. Internet Archive will also add a link from its records to, the online resource that makes it possible for searchers to quickly and 83 | Page easily find and access resources in libraries nearby--and worldwide. Read the Internet Archive blog post at for more about this collaboration.

CONTENTdm Supports IIIF Presentation API, Wider Access to Digital Content

OCLC now supports IIIF Image and Presentation APIs in its CONTENTdm digital collection management software, ensuring that its member libraries and institutions can share and present millions of digital images across a variety of applications and platforms. CONTENTdm, currently used by more than 2,500 institutions worldwide, was recently redesigned to create a new end-user experience for any device. The redesign supports the IIIF Image API, which provides a common mechanism for manipulating digital images for display and download. The IIIF Presentation API, which makes it possible to present image metadata and navigate through complex digital objects, is now the second API added to CONTENTdm. The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF), driven by a thriving community of libraries, museums, software firms, scholars, and technologists working with digital images and digital image repositories, provides a community-driven set of shared API specifications for interoperable functionality in digital image repositories. IIIF creates new ways to collaborate with other institutions and gain from collective efforts, providing users with a rich set of common functionalities to view, compare, manipulate, and interact with digital items on the Web, an experience made portable– shareable, citable, and embeddable. Because of the incorporation of IIIF, CONTENTdm users now have access to open-source tools that use IIIF specifications. Libraries with CONTENTdm can now support their communities with the latest research support tools to help them get the most out of their unique collections. Those institutions that may lack some software development capabilities can still use this innovative software, developed by others. For example, Mirador, an open source, community driven web-based multi-window image viewing platform, uses IIIF APIs to allow for side-by-side comparison of digital images, with the ability to zoom, display, compare, and annotate images from around the world. Mirador gives researchers rich access to view, compare, and annotate rare and unique content across IIIF repositories. OCLC support of IIIF APIs was discussed at the CONTENTdm User Group Meeting 2017 on September 28, in Kingston, New York, USA. The meeting was held in conjunction with The Northeast Regional Digital Collections Conference. This event provided opportunities for digital collections creators and curators in the region and beyond to network, share best practices, participate in workshops, and learn from leaders in digital cultural heritage.

CONTENTdm September 2017 Release is Now Live

The September 2017 release for CONTENTdm is now live, and it further improves the newly redesigned end-user interface for CONTENTdm. This release brings the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) Presentation API to CONTENTdm. Coupled with previous support for the IIIF Image API, CONTENTdm sites now serve as a platform for IIIF-compliant image viewers, such as Mirador and the Universal Viewer. For more information about IIIF, see The responsive website adapts to any screen size and has significant usability, performance, and accessibility improvements. The responsive website is production-ready and is now the default end-user website for more than 50 active CONTENTdm users. This release contains several additional improvements to the new responsive website:

  • IIIF Presentation API support, which allows CONTENTdm users to leverage the work of the IIIF community. • More HTML and CSS options in the graphic web editors, so users can create more sophisticated customizations without being a web developer.
  • Friendlier HTML class names that make it easier for users to use custom CSS to match the style of your library site or other sites you manage.
  • Accessibility improvements to increase WCAG 2.0 compliance.

For more details about this release, see the CONTENTdm Release Notes page. Note: The responsive website exists alongside current 6.x CONTENTdm websites. Public URLs will default to version 6.x websites until you request to make the switch. Nothing in 6.x is changing in this release. When you are ready for your end users to start using the new responsive website, you will need to contact OCLC Support to schedule the upgrade.

Member Relations, Advocacy, Governance, and Training

OCLC Partners with Libraries on Projects Funded by IMLS

OCLC is partnering with libraries, library schools, and organizations on four projects that were recently awarded grants through the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program of the Institute of Museum and Library Services. These projects will further IMLS goals to enhance the training and professional development of librarians, faculty, and library leaders, and educate the next generation of librarians. Learn more about IMLS grants .

  • Supercharged Storytimes for All. As project lead, OCLC will expand Supercharged Storytimes, the early literacy curriculum developed by its WebJunction program in collaboration with Washington State Library and the University of Washington, and deploy it nationally for all library practitioners to access. In partnership with New York State Library, Minnesota State Division of Library Services, and Southeast Florida Library Information Network, WebJunction will train 20 expert online trainers to deliver the curriculum across five to eight state and regional systems. WebJunction will also train 100 facilitators from across the country to guide group staff learning in their libraries. Through Supercharged Storytimes, librarians will be able to plan storytime using research-based early literacy techniques, and will be equipped with approaches to reach underserved communities, engage parents and caregivers, and measure program outcomes. Collaborators on the project include the Public Library Association and the Campaign for Grade-Level Reading.
  • Skills for Community-Centered Librarianship. OCLC's WebJunction program will produce webinars and disseminate resources to support this project led by the Free Library of Philadelphia, which will develop library staff outreach, program development and leadership skills that are essential to fostering and sustaining community-centered librarianship. The project partners will shape, test, and refine a curriculum, initially benefiting 250 to 300 library staff, and then deliver it to the broader library field. In addition to OCLC, partners include the American Library Association and an advisory board composed of LIS faculty and professionals from multiple public library systems, small and large.
  • LIS Education and Data Science for the National Digital Platform. Drexel University's LEADS program ( is a transformative doctoral training initiative grounded in library science foundations that integrates a new focus on data science. The program will select 18 library school doctoral students across the country to participate in an online course and an intensive three-day data science boot camp at Drexel University in preparation for a 10-week data science internship. Students will intern with a LEADS project partner, including OCLC Research, to apply their coursework in a real-world library setting while 85 | Page conducting original research. The program will result in a cohort of future faculty members who can bring data science knowledge and skills into library graduate schools across the country.
  • Library as Research Lab: Immersive Research Education and Engagement. This University of Michigan project ( will develop a new library-as-research-lab model in LIS education and professional development. The project will help to build research skills and professional capabilities in the academic library workforce, and foster and enhance mentoring capabilities in the profession. As one of four advisory board members, OCLC Research's Lynn Silipigni Connaway will provide her expertise in investigating how participating students and librarians achieve competencies in research skills and what other educational benefits they gain from the project.

Design for Learning: All Seven Modules Now Available

Online learning opens up a world of opportunity for learners, and having engaging courses and prepared trainers are essential to a successful experience. Designing and facilitating online learning are skills that require solid teaching fundamentals, practice, and space to master. It takes time to develop a wellrounded understanding of the elements of planning for and delivering a successful online training. Whether you're a seasoned in-person trainer and interested in how to approach training online, or someone interested in what it takes to teach online, Design for Learning: 21st Century Online Teaching and Learning Skills for Library Workers (D4L) has what you need to build a foundation and prepare your first online training. Learning online has become a norm in continuing education. From attending live online webinars, participating in self-paced course content, or blended learning experiences hosted by WebJunction, there are many options for online education. It's not uncommon to encounter library staff who have received their library degree from a partially or fully online university program. From a onehour learning experience to a 2+ year learning investment, online learning makes a significant difference in our daily lives and long-term opportunities. WebJunction is pleased to be the host of this incredible learning content focused on the wide-range of skills and information needed for online teaching. The Design for Learning program helps to address the multitude of issues surrounding the development and delivery of online courses. Through this intensive seven module training, you will:

  • ease into learning online,
  • consider the fundamentals of successful instructional design,
  • refine your instructional plans to be attentive to cultural competencies and learning styles,
  • evaluate and plan for meaningful and effective online learning communities,
  • explore what it takes to build and surface useful and engaging online content, and
  • plan to do it all in an online learning platform

Design for Learning: 21st Century Online Teaching and Learning Skills for Library Workers (D4L) is designed to enable library workers to transfer their in-person teaching skills to the online environment. Since 2015, Design for Learning has been teaching library workers how to design instruction and teach online. The first two cohorts included participants from all types of libraries, subject specializations, and library experience levels, all over the country. Based on their experiences with the program, the courses have been improved and adapted for WebJunction's free course catalog. The program is comprised of seven online self-paced modules: Orientation, Foundation, Diversity, Community, Content Creation, Course Management, and Capstone. D4L was developed as a partnership between the South Central Regional Library Council, Syracuse University’s School of Information Studies, and the Empire Library Network ( It is funded as a three-year grant, by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (grant number RE-06-14-0014-14). Login to WebJunction's Course Catalog and explore this content today. OCLC Research Research and Learning Agenda for Archives, Special, and Distinctive Collections in Research Libraries Research and Learning Agenda for Archives, Special, and Distinctive Collections in Research Libraries by Chela Scott Weber, Practitioner Researcher in Residence for the OCLC Research Library Partnership (RLP), was created with the input of dozens of RLP members and is intended as a map for OCLC with many potential routes for further exploration and engagement with allied institutions. This research and learning agenda represents the latest in a long line of OCLC Research efforts on behalf of archives and special collections in research libraries, to discern and respond to current and emerging needs in the community, and to convene colleagues across the profession to collectively move the profession forward. It is practitioner focused and represents the results of numerous conversations, reading broadly, and thinking carefully about the most pressing needs that face our collective collections and operations. The agenda addresses areas of inquiry and potential research and learning opportunities, building on recent work in the profession. Several themes and topical areas of investigation are identified, and the paper presents potential research and learning activities for each of these areas. Ultimately, using this agenda, the RLP will consider where work is already being done in the profession, how OCLC can best leverage its strengths and resources to make the most impact, and where there is interest and energy across the RLP community, in order to discern where it makes most sense for OCLC to focus its efforts.

Research Information Management: Defining RIM and the Library’s Role

Research information management (RIM) is the aggregation, curation, and utilization of information about research and is emerging as an area of increasing interest and relevance in many university libraries. RIM intersects with many aspects of traditional library services in discovery, acquisition, dissemination, and analysis of scholarly activities, and does so through the nexus with institutional data systems, faculty workflows, and institutional partners. RIM adoption offers libraries new opportunities to support institutional and researcher goals. In Research Information Management: Defining RIM and the Library’s Role prepared by Rebecca Bryant, OCLC Research Senior Program Officer, and a working group of librarians representing OCLC Research Library Partnership institutions, learn more about what RIM is, what is driving RIM adoption, and the library’s role in RIM. The publication is intended to help libraries and other institutional stakeholders understand developing research information management practices—and particularly the value add that libraries can offer in a complex ecosystem. This work is part of a suite of publications and resources around RIM practices. Read more about upcoming research and reports in the area of research information management.

OCLC Research and euroCRIS Announce Strategic Partnership

OCLC Research and euroCRIS, the international organization for research information, announce a strategic partnership to recognize and understand international research information management practices through collaborative research. The two organizations signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) earlier this year. Research information management (RIM) is the aggregation, curation, and utilization of information about research and is emerging as an area of increasing interest and relevance in many university libraries. RIMs, also broadly known as Current Research Information 87 | Page Systems (CRISs), are gaining interest and attention worldwide for their contribution in dealing with new policies on open science, research funding, and national assessment. RIM intersects with many aspects of traditional library services in discovery, acquisition, dissemination, and analysis of scholarly activities, and does so through the nexus with institutional data systems, researcher workflows, and institutional partners. RIM adoption offers libraries new opportunities to support institutional and researcher goals. OCLC Research staff, euroCRIS board members, and librarians from OCLC Research Library Partnership institutions have been working together since early 2017 to develop a Survey on Research Information Management Practices, which will offer research institutions worldwide the opportunity to share information about their practices. OCLC Research and euroCRIS will synthesize these survey findings into a research report expected in 2018. This survey will launch later in October. More about this project is on the OCLC Research website.

The Realities of Research Data Management, Part Two

The Realities of Research Data Management is a four-part series that explores how research universities are addressing the challenge of managing research data throughout the research lifecycle. In this series, we examine the context, influences, and choices higher education institutions face in building or acquiring RDM capacity—in other words, the infrastructure, services, and other resources needed to support emerging data management practices. Our findings are based on case studies of four institutions: University of Edinburgh (UK), the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (US), Monash University (Australia), and Wageningen University & Research (the Netherlands), in four very different national contexts. The Realities of Research Data Management, Part Two: Scoping the University RDM Service Bundle explores the nature of the RDM capacity acquired by the four research universities, highlighting key factors that shaped the contours of this capacity, and providing 13 key takeaways that provide useful starting points for institutions as they consider their own RDM services. The first report explored the background surrounding the emergence of RDM and introduced a simple framework for navigating the RDM service space. In this second report, the authors look at the RDM service bundles of the four universities to better understand how the local RDM service bundle is shaped by the complex interplay of internal and external factors, institutional requirements, and local choices. A few of the key takeaways for libraries:

  • RDM is not a monolithic set of services duplicated across universities; it is a customized solution shaped by a range of internal and external factors operating on local decision-making.
  • Scoping an RDM service bundle sufficient to meet institutional needs does not necessarily mean implementing the full range of services within the RDM service space.
  • Even institutions that scope their RDM service bundles to include services in each of the three components of the RDM service space—Education, Expertise, and Curation—can differ in the extent or emphasis placed on a particular component.
  • The RDM service bundle is not just a “back-office” component of a university’s research support infrastructure; it often plays an important public-facing role.
  • No RDM service bundle is an island—all are connected, to a greater or lesser degree, to the broader, external RDM service ecosystem.

Academic Library Impact

ACRL and OCLC announce the release of Academic Library Impact: Improving Practice and Essential Areas to Research. Developed for ACRL by OCLC Research, this valuable resource investigates how libraries can increase student learning and success and effectively communicate their value to higher education stakeholders. The full report is freely available for download on the ACRL website. More information is also available from the OCLC Research website. Now more than ever, academic libraries are being asked to demonstrate value to their institutional stakeholders, funders, and governance boards. Academic Library Impact builds on ACRL’s 2010 Value of Academic Libraries: A Comprehensive Research Review and Report and the results of the subsequent Assessment in Action program. It demonstrates how libraries are now measuring library contributions to student learning and success, and recommends where more research is needed in areas critical to the higher education sector such as accreditation, student retention, and academic achievement. This action-oriented research agenda includes:

  • a report on all project phases and findings;
  • a detailed research agenda based on those findings;  
  • a visualization component that filters relevant literature and creates graphics that can communicate library value to stakeholders;
  • a bibliography of the literature analyzed; and
  • • full bibliography of the works cited and reviewed.

Led by Lynn Silipigni Connaway, Ph.D., OCLC Senior Research Scientist and Director of User Research, all components were produced in partnership with OCLC staff and partners including William Harvey, Vanessa Kitzie, Stephanie Mikitish, and Dale Musselman. The components include analyses of library and information science (LIS) and higher education literature, focus group interviews and brainstorming sessions with academic library administrators at different institution types within the United States, and individual interviews with provosts. Building on established best practices and recent research, Academic Library Impact clearly identifies priority areas and suggests specific actions for academic librarians and administrators to take in developing programs, collections, and spaces focused on student learning and success. It includes effective practices, calls out exemplary studies, and indicates where more inquiry is needed, with proposed research designs. It identifies the next generation of necessary research to continue to testify to library value. This new report is a significant milestone for ACRL’s Value of Academic Libraries initiative and for the profession. The report is now available as a free PDF for download, and a print edition for purchase will be available through the ALA Store in October 2017. A companion online tool, “Visualizing Academic Library Impact: The ACRL/OCLC Literature Analysis Dashboard” helps librarians and researchers filter the existing literature for studies most relevant to their research interests and visually explore the literature and other data in the form of charts and graphs.

Partnership Supports Renewed From Awareness to Funding Study

The Public Library Association (PLA), a division of the American Library Association (ALA), the ALA Office for Library Advocacy, and OCLC are pleased to announce a partnership to produce an update to OCLC's 2008 report, "From Awareness to Funding: A Study of Library Support in America," which explored voter attitudes and perceptions about library funding. This landmark study was created to conduct research, develop strategies, create materials, and evaluate the potential of marketing and communications programs aimed at increasing and sustaining funding for U.S. public libraries. It was one of the first to bring forward U.S. voter perceptions about library funding and library support that revolutionized library advocacy efforts, including:

  • Library support is only marginally related to library visitation;
  • Perceptions of librarians are an important predictor of library funding support; and
  • Voters who see the library as a 'transformational' force as opposed to an 'informational' source are more likely to increase taxes in its support.

As in 2008, Leo Burnett is conducting the national household survey, which will be fielded in the next month. The new survey will add questions related to federal funding for libraries, as well as additional response options related to library programs and services that have emerged in recent years. The new report is scheduled for release in early 2018.

The Transformation of Academic Library Collecting

In October 2016, a group of eminent library leaders, research collections specialists, and scholars gathered at Norton's Woods Conference Center in Cambridge, MA, to commemorate the career of Dan Hazen (1947–2015) and reflect upon the transformation of academic library collections. Hazen was a towering figure in the world of research collections management and was personally known to many attendees; his impact on the profession of academic librarianship and the shape of research collections is widely recognized and continues to shape practice and policy in major research libraries. Drawing from presentations and audience discussions at The Transformation of Academic Library Collecting: A Symposium Inspired by Dan C. Hazen, this publication examines of some central themes important to a broader conversation about the future of academic library collections, in particular, collective collections and the reimagination of what have traditionally been called "special" and archival collections (now referred to as unique and distinctive collections). The publication also includes a foreword about Dan Hazen and his work by Sarah E. Thomas, Vice President for the Harvard Library and University Librarian & Roy E. Larsen Librarian for the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The Transformation of Academic Library Collecting: A Synthesis of the Harvard Library’s Hazen Memorial Symposium by Constance Malpas and Merrilee Proffit is not only a tribute to Hazen’s impact on the academic library community, but also a primer on where academic library collections could be headed in the future, and is a must read for anyone interested in library collection trends.